体育赌钱网|刘宁:《吕氏乡约》与《白鹿原》-体育赌钱网
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刘宁:《吕氏乡约》与《白鹿原》
发布时间:2020-09-21      作者:刘宁       访问量:345次  分享到:

chenzhongshizai《bailuyuan》liyinyongbaerzhakedehuashuo:“xiaoshuobeirenweishiyigeminzudemishi。”qizhonganhanzhe《bailuyuan》jiushizheiyangyigewenbendehuayu。ruguozheiyangdeyinyukeyichengli,neimesuoweizhonghuaminzudemishishishenme?zuojiayoushiruhedakaizheishanminzumishidamende?zaiwokanlai,《lvshixiangyue》zheibubeisongshiqizhidingbingtuiyandezhongguodiyibuchengwendexiangcunminyue,qishangtixianzhexiangtuzhongguo,shishenjiecengyi“zhishi—quanli”jiegoumoshi,“yilihuasu”defangshiershixingdeminjianzizhisixiang,chenjizherujiaowenhualilexingfabingzhongdejitiwuyishi。chenzhongshifaxianduiqijinxinglechuangzaoxingzhuanhua,shiqiyouxiangcunminyuezhuanhuaweichengshiminzuwenhuaxinlijiegoudehexinwenxuejuxiang,bingzaiwenbenzhonghuodeletongshediwei。yinci,pouxitazaizuopinzhonghuoxianhuoyindejiegoubianshiyanjiujinxiandaixiangtuzhongguodedianxingbiaobenzhiyi,youciyenengjiekaiminzumishidezhuduozhongyaozhengjie。jianci,benwenniyidui《lvshixiangyue》deneirong、jiegou、yiyi,yijichenzhongshiduiqijinxingdechuangzaoxingzhuanhuadefenxi,tantao《lvshixiangyue》zhuanhuaweiwenxuejuxiangzhihou,duichuantongdeminzuwenhuaxinlijiegoudejiangouyujiegoudeyingxiang,miuwuzhichu,xiwangdedaozhuanjiadezhizheng。

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  beisongxiningjiunian(1076nian)lvdajunzhidingle《lvshixiangyue》(youcheng《lantianxiangyue》,jiancheng《xiangyue》),suiyuqiboxionglvdazhong、dilvdalinzaibenxianglantiantuiyan。lvshisanxiongdijieweisongdailixuejia、guanxuechuangshirenzhangzaideqinzhidizi,bingzaiqishisihouchengweiguanxuedehexinrenwu,yinci,《xiangyue》zejizhongtixianleguanxuezhongliguijiao、jingshizhiyongdesixiang。raner,chuzailantiantuixingzhiji,jiuyoukunnan。boxionglvdazhongyihandaidangshiweili,tixingbaodibuyaoshourenyijiedangyingsidehuabing,yimianzhaolaihuoshijinxingquanjie。zaigezhongzulixia,《xiangyue》zailantiantuixinglewuliunianguangjingjiufeizhile。zhihou,jinrenruqin,guanzhonglunxian,《xiangyue》yejiuzaizhanhuozhongyishi。tangruobushinansongzhuxiduijiazangde《lvshixiangyue》jinxingzengshan,bianzuanchengle《zhuzizengsunlvshixiangyue》,《xiangyue》kenengjiuzaiyewuyuanmianshile。nansongyijiang,suizhezhuxixueshudiweidetisheng,《xiangyue》deyingxiangyejiuriyikuoda,zhimingqing,yiranyousongdaizuoweishidafujiecengyuhuangquanfentingkanglideminjianqiyue,zhuanbianweidifangguanzhidaoxiafugaisuoyoudiqudeguojiazhidu。mingdaiwangyangmingcengzainangandishixingde《nanganxiangyue》jiushiyubaojiazhijieheqilai,yongyiweichidifangzhiande。qingjide《taizuliuyu》、《shengyuguangxun》denghuangdixiadadeyuzhiyezongshihe《xiangyue》yiqizaiyueminjuhuishixuandu,shehuichuxianlehengkuaguan、minliangdalingyude“xiangyue”(yizhongguanyuandechengwei)。20shiji30niandailiangshumingyouzaishandongtuixingqile《xiangyue》,buguo,xinzhongguojianlizhihou,xiangyuezhiduyejiuchedixiaowangle,yucitongshi,daibiaozherujiaosixiangdeshishenjiecengyewajiele。youshangsuoshu,kejian,xiangyueyousanzhongxingshi,qiyishizhuanzhi《lvshixiangyue》tiaowen;qiershidifangshishenyidezhiweiyuanze,tongguo“xiangyue”xingshihezongzuzhidujianlidifangshequdeminjianzizhi,zheshezheguanxuedezunliguijiao、jingshizhiyongjingshen;qisanshisuiwuyuanshixiangyuedezuzhixingshi,danhebaojia、shecang、shexuelianmei,goutongguanminzhijianguanxigongnengdedifangxiaoguanyuan。benwensuotaolundeneirongshejidaodiyihedierzhongqingxing,shizai《xiangyue》tiaowenjichushang,xingchengdexiangtuzhongguopubianzhangjiucunzaidexiangyuezhidu,qizhongyinhanshenkederujiaowenhuasixianghezhengzhizhidu。

体育赌钱网  《lvshixiangyue》baokuo《xiangyue》yu《xiangyi》liangbufen,《xiangyue》yi“deyexiangquan,guoshixianggui,lisuxiangjiao,huannanxiangxu”sikuantiaowenzonglingquanpian。deyexiangquanshizhenduigerendedaodezuoyeeryan,deweigerendaode,yeshigerenshiye,debaokuoxiushen、qijiadengdexing,yezeweidushu、zhitian、yingjia、jiwudengshiyi。“guoshixianggui”libaohanfanyuezhiguo、buxiuzhiguo、fanyizhiguosanlei。qizhongfanyuezhiguoshizhenduideyexiangquandeneirongeryan,buxiuzhiguozhuanzhilansan、wuliyixingwei。fanyizhiguoshizhiyoufanshehuiqingxiangxingwei,duishehuiweihaizuida,yinci,chengfayejiaozhong。deyexiangquanshuyugerendaodedezhengmian,guoshixiangguizeweifanmian,tamenyizhidemubiaozaiyushuligongtongdaode、lisubiaozhun,congershigerenxingweiyousuoguifan。xiangbijiaoerlun,lisujiaowangguidinglexiangminzairichangxisuzhongchulirenjiguanxidekuanxiang,neirongkongdong、cubi,《xiangyi》qiaqiamibulezheiyiquexian。huannanxiangxuzeguidingleshehuihezuoxingwei,shi《xiangyue》tiaoguizhongzuixizhi、wanmeidedifang,fenshuihuo、daozei、jibing、sisang、guruo、wuwang、pinfaqixiangzainan,chongfentixianchuyueminzhijiandehuzhujingshen。chucizhiwai,《xiangyue》haiyonglexiangdangpianfujieshaolezuzhidegoucheng、jihui、shangfa、yijilvshixiongdi、yourenzhijiantaolunwentidewanglaishuxin。《lvshixiangyue》chulongshijianyuwanganshideqingmiao、baojiafadazhixiangtong,danshi,yuhouzhexiangbi,xiangyuedezuzhi、xingshibijiaojiandan。jutishizaiyueminzhongtuijianchuzhengzhibuadeyizhierrendanrenyuezheng,zhuchiyuezhongshaneshangfashijian,tuixuanzhiyueyiren,yiyueyigeng,zhuanmenguanlijilu、kuanxiang、jucan、jihuidengzashi。yueminanguidingmeiyuetedingshijianjuhui,yuezhenghuoyuezhanggenjutamenderichangxingweizaijuhuishiduiqijinxingshangfa。

  congbiaocengjiang,xiangyuezhidushijuyou“zhishi—quanli”jiegouxingshideyizhengtaoshehuiyunzuodefangshi。“zaizhongguochuantongshehui,zhangwoshijikongzhiquandeguanlihenshao。……meiyoujundui,yemeiyoujingcha,kaodejiushixiangxiangyue、shexue、shengyuzhileidejiaohualiliang,zheishichuantongshehuizhongdehuzhuzuzhi,yeshiyizhongshehuizhiyue。”[1]xiangyueshiyijuyourujiaosixiangdedifangshishenzhuchi,yong“yilihuasu”dejiaohuafangshi,yizongzuweidanwei,jiangrujiaodelilexingfasixiang,zaixiangcuntuiyan,yiqiufahuiyifengyisudezuoyong。dangran,chuquexiangyuezhiwai,haicunzaizhebaojia、shecang、shexue,lianmeiduixiangtuzhongguoshixingtongzhi。yongyuzhengshuihezhengyonglaolidezhiduchenglijia,yongyuhukoudengjihehuxiangjiandudechengbaojia,beisongwanganshizhuchibianfashisuochuang。shecangshiyouzhuxichucisheli,yongyuzhenzaijiumin。xiangyue、baojia、shecangshichengrendeshiye,ershexuezeshizhenduixiangcunzidijinxingdejichuqimengjiaoyu。jutiyixiaotizhongxin,liyilianchidengrujiasixiangweizhuyaoneirong,mudeshijibenshangjiaohuiertongmendu、xiejibaigeziyijiguanshujitamenrujiajibendejiazhiguanhexingshifangshi。zaizhongguo,juedaduoshuderenminzaidifangerbuzaizhongyang,suoyizheizhongxiangyueyubaojia、shecang、shexuejieheqilai,suoshixingdezizhibujinjuyoupufanxing,erqiezhangqiyilai,shentoujinlaobaixingderichangshenghuozhizhong,yejiuchengweitamenshenghuozhongziranerrandeyibufen。zhongguodelaobaixingzongshizhanzaitudishangshidaidingjuerwuqianxide,yinci,zaishengyusi、zhangyusi,richangjiaowangyuhuzhuhuodongzhizhong,xiangyuetongguohualijiaoerruminsu,neihuaweilaobaixingdexinlidingshiheqinggandingshi,zuizhongningjieweiyizhongyi“qing—li”weijiegouderenmendewenhuaxinlijiegou。songshi,zuoweilixuezhongyaofenzhizhiyideguanxue,youzhonggongxinglijiao,zhangzaizaishishijiujijituiyansandaizhili,zhilantiansanlvshouzhongzejiangzheixielizhixihuaweixiangjianrichangshenghuozhongdebinyi、jiyi、jiayi、xiongyidengfansuozhili,congershirujiaderenyilianchiguannianzhujianchenjizaiminzhongdexinli,zhuanhuaweirenmenqianzaideyizhongjitiwuyishi,yihuochengzhiweijitilishijiyi。zheishixiangyuedeshencengyiyi,juyouchijiu、wenguxing,“tashidaiyudaizhijian、yigelishijieduanyulingyigelishijieduanzhijianbaochilemouzhonglianxuxinghetongyixing,gouchengleyigeshehuichuangzaoyuzaichuangzaozijidewenhuamima,bingqiejirenleishengcundailailezhixuheyiyi。”[2]

  er

  raner,zuowei“wenxueyanjiuzhebubiqusisuoxianglishidezhexuehewenmingzuizhongchengweiyitizhileidedawenti,eryinggaibazhuyilizhuanxiangshangweijiejuehuoshangweizhankaichongfentaolundejutiwenti:sixiangzaishijishangshizenyangjinruwenxuede。”[3]yinci,womenyoubiyaofenxi《xiangyue》shizenyangchengwei《bailuyuan》zhongdewenxuegoujiande?zuojiayoushiruhejinxingwenhuaxinchuangzaode?1986nianweichuangzuozhangpianxiaoshuo(jihoulaide《bailuyuan》),chenzhongshilaidaolantianxianchayuexianzhishifaxianle《lvshixiangyue》。zheishiyicibuqieryu,juhoulaihuiyi:“dangchuchaozheifen《xiangyue》tiaowendeshihou,duoshiyizhongxinqideganjue,henzirandilianxiangdaoshangshijiwushiniandaizhongqiwoduzhongxueshi,shangjiyaoqiujiajiahuhuzaimenlouzhuqiangshangshuaxieneirongwanquanyiyangde《aiguogongyue》。”[4]danshi,zheizhishiyixieyuanshidesucaiheziliao,“zhiyoudangzheixiesixiangbuzaishitongchangyiyihegainianshangdesixiangerchengweixiangzhengshenzhishenhuashi,caihuichuxianwenxuezuopinzhongdesixiangwenti。”[5]weici,chenzhongshizaiduisuozhanyoudeziliaojinxingshaixuan、tiliandejichushang,jiang《xiangyue》suobaohandesixiangronghuazaiwenbenzhong,zhuanhuaweiwenxueyixiangheqingjie。yinci,dangwomenyandu《bailuyuan》zhongsuosheliedeyouguan《xiangyue》desuoyouwenzi,tihuineixiehuoxianhuoyindeyishi、huononghuodandeganqingshi,jiunengganwudaoyiweidangdaizuojiaduijiwangshengmingdedutelijie,naizhizaicijichushangduiyiyouwenbendexindewenxuechuangzao。jutikegaikuoweiyixiajigefangmian:

体育赌钱网  diyi,zongzuxiangyuehuayushishenjiecengdeyingxiang。zongzushitongyifuxishixiderenmen,genjuyidingdexingweiguifan,jujichengyigehuxiangyilai、jiuzhudeshenghuotuanti。zongzuxiangyuehuazeshizaizongzuneibuzhijietuixingxiangyuehuoyijuxiangyuedelinianzhidingzongzuguifan、shelizongzuguanlirenyuanyueshuzurendezhidu。《bailuyuan》zhongxiangyuedetuixingjishiyizongzuweijichude,yinweixiangwanquanxiangyoubailudejirui,houjialaoxiongdiliangcaiyizhixinglebai,lingyizhiyiluweixing,zuzhangrenmingfangxiaohuangjiadedizhangzijichengzhi,youzhangziyimaibaishidezisundanren,liangjiahejiyigecitang,chulishiwuyijuxiangyuezuguierding。guanyuxiangyueneirongqianwenyijingzuoguoxiangxidejieshao,zaicibubizhuishu。zhiyu《bailuyuan》zhongduocitijidezuguizhideshishenme?wenbenzhongbingmeiyoujutidewenzibiaoshu,yinci,haixugenjuzuopinzhongdeyixieqingjiemiaoshujinxingfenxifangkedezhi。baijiaxuanjiangjierzidejiazushiliyousizegushi:baixiushenchuanglijiaye,baikejiandailingzurendajingtuxueerwang,yiweizuzhangweikuoqingyizuerbeizeirendaopiliangban,muxiazigujing。baishijiaxunlimianyunhanzhexiushen、gongxing、qinjiandedaodexunjie。xiushenjiweigerendaodexiuwei;gongxingshishixianlixiangdejutixingwei;qinjianzeshichuangyeyushouchengdedaodecaoshou。tamenjishijiaxun,yeshizugui,yuxiangyueyiqiweixizhejiazumianyanbubai,yinci,wulunbaijiaxuanheshihuiweiqitamen,douhuixunzhaodaoyizhongshengmingdelishiganyuguishugan。

  raner,“xianzaikanlaizheizhongjiazuzhuyi,xianranshiyizhongyoushehuijingyinglaicaozongdeyishixingtaijiangou,tabushijianlizaishengwuxueyuandejichushang,ershijianlizaiwenhuayishixingtaijichushang。”[6]bailuyuanshixibeiguanzhongpingyuanshangyigegulaodiyu,danshizheiliqueyouzhuxiansheng、baijiaxuan、xuxiansheng、luzilin、lengxianshengzujianchengleyigefuzadeshishenshehui。xuxianshengshifuzexiangyueshishidejiaoxixiansheng,luzilinbenshixiangyuejianxingzhezhiyi,danshihoulaiquechenglezheigezhixuqianzaideduikangzhe,lengxianshengzeshuyuliuliyuwaidewuyishirenwu。chuyuzheigeshishenquanzizhongxindeshizhubaierren,yiqingmodeguanxuedaruniuzhaolianweiyuanxingersuzaodezhuxianshengzeshizuihexinrenwu,tatuiqingbing、ceyinyang、zhi《xiangyue》、zhenzaimin、bianxianzhi、kangwokou,chongmankalisimadetezhi。jiazhishixunfudarendemensheng、zongdudetongchuang,meirenguanlidaorendouyaoqubaiye,suoyizhuxianshengbujinshibailuyuanshangzuidadeshishen,erqieyeyiqiyingxianglichengweidangdidejingshenlingxiu。baijiaxuanzeshirujiaorengededaibiao、xiangyuejingshendejianxingzhe。zuzhangdeshenfen、shentilixingdexingshifengge、jianrenbubaderengemeiliziranshitachengweibailuyuanshangshisuquanlidezhangkongzhe,yushi,yuzhuxianshenglianshouzaibailuyuanshangxingchengle“quanli—daode”shitongzhi,“congcitoujimogouzhaitaoqiaguazhileideshidunranjueji,mopaijiucuomajiangmohuahuazhitouzidengduboyingshengquantiletanzi,dajiadououmajiedezhengdoushijianzaibufasheng,bailucunrenyigegedoubiandeheyankejuwenzhibinbin,lianshuohuadeshengyindourouhexianxile。”[7]zheishizaixiangyuetuixingguochengzhong,chengxianchulaidejinxiandaixiangtushehuisuoduyoudeshuhuanyuhexie,chongmanlerujiakejifulideshiyonglixingdemeili,wangshencengshuo,jiushizaililexingfajianshixiajiangouderenleilixiangshehui。

  dier、xiangyuelide“renyi”sixiangyuxingfaguannianbingzhong。《xiangyue》shiguanxuesixiangchanwu,ruheyouxiangliminyuezhuanhuaweiwenxuesixiang?jinjiuqianwensuojushangqiebuzu,zuozhezaixiaoshuozhongyouyishezhileyixieqingjieyongyijinyibuchanshixiangyueneihan,keyishenhuawomendelijie:xianlinggumaodecengjingzaokeleyikuaiyou“renyibailucun”ziyangdeshibei,zaizaibailucundecitangli,jiweirenyibei。xiangyuezhidingzhihou,baijiaxuanyejuankeleyikuaiyou《xiangyue》tiaowendeshibei,lizairenyibeiduimian,mingweixiangyuebei。renyibeiyuxiangyuebeidebingli、tongcunbushijiandandeqingjiesheji,ershianhanzhezuojiayi“renyi”sixiangchanshixiangyueneihandegousi。“renyi”sixiangshirujiajingshendehexin,ren,laiziyurentianshengqinzixiaoqindebenxing,nenggoutuijijiren,ronghuazairichangshenghuoli,yecunzaiyurenyuyuzhouxixixiangtongzhijian,suowei“qianchengfu,kunchengmu,yuzimiaoyan,naihunranzhongchu。”zaiwanwuyitidejingjiezhong,getitihuidaolerenaidailaidejingshenkuaile,yededaoledaodedetisheng。“yi,yiye。caizhishiwushihefanye。”jiweizhengdang、shiyihuozhengyizhiyi,houzhuanhuaweigetizaixingweishang,xuanzeyizhongfuhedajudeshiyidejudong。kejian,renshineizaixinlisuqiu,yizeshiwaizaixingweijuzhi,neihuairenaizhixin,waizejiuyouzhengdang、heyizhixingwei。zai《bailuyuan》zhongzhuduorenwushenshangjunkeyikandaorenyidebense,baijiaxuanjiejiliguafu,banxuetang、zhuchengqiang,jiuheiwa;lusanzaijiaonongyundongzhonglingtouqishi、shaxiaoe,youqishizhuxiansheng“zheigerenyishengliuxialeshubuqingdeqishiyiwen,quandoushiyurenweishandeshi,jingerzhaobudaoyijianhairenlijideshilai。”[8]tayishengfengxingdeyuan“xueweihaoren”dedaodeyuanze,gengshiyizhongduilixiangrengehejingshenjingjiedezhizhezhuixunyushijian。

  raner,jinjiangxiangyuechanshiwei“renyi”weimianjiandanhualijiezuojiadesikao,chenzhongshizaijielituxianxiangyuederenyijingshendetongshi,duixiangyuehaijituozhelingyicengwenhuapipandeyiyun,zheishuyuyouyishidanqueweimingyandecengci。zaibenwendediyibufen,wocengjingxushuleyuanshi《xiangyue》baokuo“deyexiangquan,guoshixianggui,lisuxiangjiao,huannanxiangxu”sibufenneirong,erjiujinru《bailuyuan》zuopinzhongde《xiangyue》zhishi“deyexiangquan”yu“guoshixianggui”liangbufenyuanwenshoulu,“lisuxiangjiao”yu“huannanxiangxu”zeshenglve,xiangyuemeicidouhuihezuguitongshibeixuandu,zuoweichengchuweiyuezhedefalvyijuerchuxian。biandabanchou、kaishuitangshou、zuiliguandafen、zaociduda,zheixiexingfayanliqiejuyouminjianduchuangxing。xingxingshi,shouxingzheshengshengcanjiao,lvlvxuehen,ciweilijiaokeshidechengfa。lingwaihaiyouyixieyinxingdezhusha,ruzhaopengxifufafengzhisi,xiaoesihouguhuibeizhenyazaitaxia。zheixiehuoyinhuoxiandemiaoxie,shizhongguoxinwenxuezhong“fanchuantongdechuantong”dechengxian。“wusi”shiqi,chuyuduiminzuweiwangdeyouhuan,wusizhiziduirujiadeyinanmian,youqishijidianzaiminzuxinlingneibudejixi,cengjingjiyulemengliepipan。zuoweihunyinaiqing,shi20shijichuyezhongguozuojiajieshifengjianzhuanzhizhuyideruiliwuqi。chenzhongshijichenglezheiyichuantong,taqingxingdiyishidao:“zaiyanguoxingfafansizongmaodexiangyuezuguijiafadezhiguzhixia,qirongneigeganyusiwujidandihugehuanmeiqingtuaisiaihuodeqingaini?jishiyoumougeqingzhongmaotianxiazhidabuweierchangchuyishouchiluoluodeliange,budeliuchuanbianhuibeiqiasi;hekuangjinguledexinling,pashijinanchanshengneizhongruyuanshanpirangdechiluoluodeqinggede。”[9]goudanzhibuguoshiyizhitizuiyang,zaiyinmouxiazaoshouduxing,bingzuizhonghaidebudaorenhetongqingbeicandesiqu;xiaoezegengweicanlie,bujinshengqianbeituoqi、sihoulinghunyebudeansheng。zhiyuxiaowen,routidedudahezizundeboli,chedihuimielebaixiaowendelianchixin,kejianrujiaowenhuadexuwei、canque。zongshangsuoshu,xiangyuezuguidishishiyingshelerujiaorenyiyuxingfabingzhongdewenhuaneihan,baolulechenzhongshiyishiliyizhongshenkeerweihuojiejuedechongtu:yifangmianconglixingshangduilijiaoxuyaoshenkefansheng;lingyifangmianyoucongqingganchufajuyoujuanlianheshenqing。zheizhongfuzaermaodundexinlicunzaitaxuduosanwenhexiaoshuozhong,1985nianwenshide《lanpaoxiansheng》shizhijiushiduiruxuelijiaodepipan。“huanmandelishiyanjinzhong,fengjiansixiangfengjianwenhuafengjiandaodeyanhuachengweixiangyuezuguijiafaminsu,shentoudaomeiyigexiangcunmeiyigecunzhuangmeiyigejiazu,shentoujinyidaiyouyidaipingmindexueye,xingchengzheiyifangdiyushangderendeteyouwenhuaxinlijiegou”。[10]erzai《xunzhaoshuyuzijidejuzi——<bailuyuan>chuangzuoshouji》zhong,zuojiazeduibarujiawenhuatiaolihuaqietongsuhualede《xiangyue》dajiazanshang,zheishizuojiachuangzuoxinlicongpipanchuantongdaoguiyichuantongzhuanbiandejianzheng。

体育赌钱网  disan、《xiangyue》shiminzuwenhuaxinlijiegoudegoujian。zuoweibailuyuanshangzuihouyiweizuzhang,zaigezhongzhengzhi、jiazu、jiatingshijiandechenzhongdajixia,baijiaxuandounengbaochichaochangtaidewendingxintai,guanjianjiuzaiyutadui《xiangyue》dexinyanghejianshou,zheizhongxinyangbujinneihuaweibaijiaxuanwendingdexinlijiegou,erqie“bubizhuisutaiyuan,jishiconglvshichuangzuo《xiangyue》desongdaisuanqi,dao‘xinhaigeming’fashengdeershishijizhichu,zhei《xiangyue》yijingbeiyuanshangyidaiyidaidezisunsongdulebajiubainianle。”[11]yinci,“zhei《xiangyue》yinggaishiyilaimulihemianbuyanxushengmingdeyigezhichengxingzhideyinsu,yeshidiyujie、zaihuanghewenyizhihoujixufanyandeliliang,queyeshigufengzaimulihemianbuzheizhongshenghuoxingtaidejiasuo。”[12]tieli、zhiji、《xiangyue》shinonggengwenmingxia,zhonghuaminzushengcunhefazhandebibeiyaosu,qianerzheweishengchangongju,tajuedinglezijizizushehuidewending、neiqingdexingzhi;houzheshuyujingshengoujian,shizaihuzhuhezuozhongxingchengdejitiwuyishi,baoliulejinqianniandeminzulishiwenhuajiyi,mianyanleminzudejingshenmingmai,yexianzhileminzudejinyibufazhan。chenzhongshizai《bailuyuan》feiyeshangxiexiale“xiaoshuobeirenweishiyigeminzudemishi”zheiyangdewenzi,zaitaxinzhongqianzangzheyizijidezuopinjieshiminzulishi(baokuoneixiebeizhebide、juyouminjiansecaidelishijiyi)desixiang,neimeyizhi《xiangyue》yejiushidakaizheishanminzulishidamendeyaochi。yinci,《xiangyue》zai《bailuyuan》zhonghuodeletongshediwei,pouxitazaizuopinzhonghuoxianhuoyindejiegoubianshiyanjiujinxiandaixiangtuzhongguodedianxingbiaobenzhiyi。zhongguojiangyuliaokuo,lilaiyouqinjinyanzhaojingchuwuyuebashudengdiyudehuafen,butongdediyujingji、zhengzhi、wenhuafazhanjunyouchayi。20shijichuyecengjingshihantangjifutongdazhididexianyubeijing、shanghaidengfanhuadoushixiangchashenyuan,dangranyebunengyuxiandexifengzhiqideyanhai、jiangzhedengnongcundiyuxiangtibinglun。suowei“dongnancaifudi,jiangzherenwensou”,ercijideguanzhongpingyuanzaidizhen、huangzai、wenyi、jihuang、zhanhuodexijixia,daochuaihongbianye、manmuchuangyi。“tianyelimeiyoulenongmin。zaiyixiecunzhuang,chengqundedarenhexiaohaichuyubanebizhuangtai,tamenshiyijinghuimieledecunzhuanglijinyoudexingcunzhe。”[13]wenhualingyu,“dangshishanxiwenhuajiaoyujiejielitichanglixue,xuanyangguocui,fengjianwenhuasixiangzhanjutongzhidiwei。”[14]guanyuduilixuedechangdaoshibushiquanbushuyuduifengjianwenhuayidudexuanyang,queshixuyaozixibianbie。danshi,youciyekeguankuijinxiandaishanxiwenhuazhiyiban,“yexuyinweiwulunjiu‘sanminzhuyi’huoxin‘sanminzhuyi’zaiyuanshangjihumeiyourenhexiangdong,caiji《xiangyue》liuxiajixuchengchuandekongjian;fengjiandizhizai‘xinhaigeming’deqiangpaoshengzhongtubengwajie,erzuoweiyuanshangrenwenhuaxinlizhijiade《xiangyue》quenannengzheiyangkuaijiedijieti。”[15]《bailuyuan》yonglexuduopianfugouhualexiangcunshenghuodeningjing、shuhuan。“taiyangzhuirubailuyuanxibudeyuanpo,yipianxiuqiedexiaguangtengqizaixiyuandeshangkong。baijiaxuanshuangshouzhuzheguaizhangzhanzaiditou,chouzhelusanyishouzhuozhelizhangyishouyangzhebianziyouyoudigengfanliuzuomiantiandedikuai,huanghesedenituzailihuashangfanjuanzhe;lusanheniudebeiyingjianjianrongruxibiandexiaguangli,youyuanyuandicongxiaguangliyingmianbendaotayanqianlaile。”[16]laoniu、gengtian、guyuan,haiyoulongzhaozaixiyanglidenongren,chengxianchuleqianxiandaishehuishenghuodejingran,mimanzhepinghemeimandeqixi。raner,“fengjiaoxue”、“shiyangerjin”deluoguyijingqiaoqilaile,jingmikaishishoudaotiaozhan。

  san

  cong1840niandaoxinhaigeming,zhongguozaoyulesanqiannianweiyouzhibianju,modaiwangchaozaifengyupiaoyaozhongmiewang。“meiyoulehuangdiderizigaizenmeban?”chenzhongshizai《bailuyuan》zhongyi《xiangyue》defuchuzheshelehuangquanbengkuizhihouyibufenzhongguorendebuchangxinli。raner,《xiangyue》laiyicunzaideshehuikuangjiayijingbufucunzai,yinci,wulunzaiqingganshangruhejuanlianhuaijiu,rujiaowenhuazaixiandaisichaochongjixiarijianzaodaozhiyi、tiaozhan。

  diyiguliliangshiyiluzilinweidaibiaodeshangyewenhuadechongji。xiangwushuguanzhongpochannongminyiyang,lushixianzubudebubeixianglitu,daojulibailuyuanbuyuandexianchengqumousheng。yinweiquruderenshengjingli,yichuyilizushehuidezaoyu,lushixianzuzhidinglerenru、chutou、fuchoudejiaxun。renruzaiyujixushili,chutouyuanyujingzhengyishi,fuchoufaziruorouqiangshidexinli,zheiyijiaxunbeililexiangtuzhongguogengduchuanjiadeyuanze,yepaoqilerujiakuanshurenhoudedaodecaoshou。luzilinjieshoulexianbeiguangzongyaozudeshoujiujiaxun,yechengchuanlexianrenjingzhengchutoudeshangyewenhuayishi,zaibailuyuanshangdiyigejianlebianzi、chuanshanglezhifu,songerzijinlexinshixuetang,yeyincichengweifubeiliweiyiyigenenggoudongchaxiangyuebuheshiyideren。“shishidouchengleshayangzile,hainianzheixielaogudong!haobirenhaijiaochangshayaobiqilenikezhijideweihongtangshui!”dedongjian,shitayishidaoxiangyuetongzhishehuidemoshibengkui,xiangyueyebushibaozhishehuiejidelingyao,suoyitadaobaozhangsuoquzuoguan(youyisideshizheigeguandemingziyejiaoxiangyue)。rujiajiangjiudehexie、kuanshurenshengzhexuebeitadejingzhengfuchouchushiyuanzedaiti。youweizhongyaodeshi,tabuzeshouduandianfuxiangyue、bugulianchidetanliannvsewanquanpanlilerujiaderenyidaode。raner,luzilinduiluzhaopenghunyindeganshe,yubaijiaxuandemingzhengandou,shizhishanghaizaiyubailulianggejiatingdeyizhitonggenxing。congxiangtushehuizhongliebianchulaideshangyewenhuahezongfazhijianyougebuduandelianxi,tongshiyoucunzaiwufamihededuikangxing。

体育赌钱网  dierzhililiangshiyiheiwa、xiaoeweidaibiaochuyubenxingdebeipan。heiwadebeipanyuanyutamingandejiejichayigan,yubushoujushudetianxing。bingtangshijiancengjitaliuxiameihaoertongkudexiangwanghejiyi,zishenglepinjiazidizibeierzizundemaodunxinli。baijiaxuanshenxiangbandemianrong、tingzhideyaoban(baokuotajiaodaochulaideerziyezhangzhexiaoshentongyibandelian),shuobuchulaiderangtayubaijiayouleqinggangemo。rujiajiangjiuzhuangyansumu,bujinyaoqiurenzhuyizijidewaizaijuzhihexingxiang,yeqiangdiaorenyaokezhizijineixindezhongzhongyunian,zhiyouzheiyangneixindexieniansiyucaihuizhubujianshao,daodeyuanzecainengziranxingcheng。erzheixieyuwangzhemaobijianxinlixiangzhetianlihulideheiwashixiangbeide。youqishichengnianhou,lusan、baijiaxuanjubujienaxiaoe,jujuezijijincitang,jiashenleheiwaduixiangyuezuguidechoushi。yinci,zaidagemingzhongnaocitang、huixiangyue、zabaijiaxuandeyaogan,shishileyixiliehuishensheng、fanlijiaodekuangbiaotujinxingwei,qishangningjiezhe“benwo”dechongdong,yechengshizhe“ziwo”dexinxing。raner,ruguozuojiajinjintingliuyuci,heiwazheiyijiaosebingbushiwenxueshangde“zheiyige”。jijingrenshengmonan,heiwayoutufeidao“xueweihaoren”,baizhuxianshengweishi,guidaozaicitang,yuqiziyesuzaiwangmudetukangshang,zheiyiqiebiaomingguiyilijiaodengtongrenzuguizong,congeryejiuhuidaoshengmingzuiweibenzhenyuanshidezhuangtai。raner,huixiangjizuqianbanbufendezhuangyansumuxingquebeihoubanbufenxiangqinyinkejuanzashuidebaoyuanerxiaojie,yushiheiwahuiguozixindeyiyiyejiubeijiegoule。yexuwomenkeyizheiyanglijie:rujiaoshimeihaode,danshimianduirijianhunluandexianshi,ruxuederenwenjiazhihaiyouyiyima?

  tianxiaoezeshilingyileiyihuimieshengmingyumingyuweidaijiaerbeipanxiangyuederenwu。lixue(rujiaozaisongmingshiqidechengxian)weinvziguidinglesancongside,nvrenyejiuzhinengweinu、huoweiwu,yinci,conglaimeiyouzhenxiang,dangranjiumeiyouzijidezhutixing,tanheshuoxiangyouzhengzhi、jingji、wenhuadengquanli。yinweizongfalilaishiyifuxishixierxingchengderenjiniudai,suoyi,zaizheinanquanshehuilinvxingdemingyunbushiyibangjiushibeixiepo。xiaoeyuheiwatouqing,bingsizijieweifufu,tuolilexingnubidemingyun,danqueyinbunenghuodejiazusuorenkedeheiwaponiangdezige,erchengweiyilei。suoyizaiheiwabudeyidepaoqixia,tayaomeshibeixiepo,yaomejiudezaiciyicong。buxingdeshi,tachenglezaibeixiepoxiazhongxinyicongdejiaose,lunweiluzilinxieyugongju、zongzudoufadewuqi。tashizuojiachuyu“zaizhangxianfengjiandaodedewuyishujidenvxingbangyangdemingceli,woshouxiangandaodeshizuijibendezuoweinvrenbenxingsuoshoudaodecuican,bianchanshengleyigechuncuichuyurenxingbennengdekangzhengzhepannizhederenwu。”[17]yuanyubenwodeqianyishiyubeiyapozhedefankangxinli,shixiaoeshengmingliyongyouleyicicimeiyoulixingdepenfa,rubailuyuanshangcengjingyaoyanguhuorenxindeyingsu,yesicanliedepuhuofeie。erzaitademianqianhaiyouyigejingxiang——zhaopengxifu,zheishizhongguolishishangwushuzhenjieliefumingyundexiangzheng。meiyouzijidemingzi,jingmodeshengmingbenshenjiushimeiyourenhegushikeyiyanshuodebiaozheng。yinci,zheiyuqishuoshishengdaoburushuoshisi,yexufengdianshizhuanhuazheizhongyayirushanbanzhongfudetujingzhiyi,suoyiyouyitian“turancongshentizaimouyibuweibaoqiyichuanzhuoliangdehuohua,bianyouyizhongbeironghuachengshuidesuruan,poshitayoushoudiukaifangcheyaoba,zuoshouyerenglemianhuanianzi,shuangbeibuyouzizhudijubaozhuxiongfu,xiangbingkuaironghua,xiangxueshanbengtayiyangdaozaifangcheqianhunshenchouchuzhanli。”[18]lijiaoweinvrendazaoleyishengdelaolong,wulunshi“dachuyoulingta”haishi“youbizhangmengong”douyousiwangzaidengdai。lulengshiyutianxiaoe,zheihuweijingxiangdelianggesizhe,qianzheyibiantaizhisizhuzhaolehouzheyinduixiangyuesuozuochudebeipan,erjuyoudecanliezhisi。bunengshuonazhongsigengyouyiyi,yinweizaimeiyourenheshehuijingji、zhengzhidengtiaojiandebaozhangxia,wulunxuanzeranshaohaishijingmodoushuomingnvxingwulishi。

  disanzhililiangshiyibaixiaowenweidaibiaodexiangyuezuzhideneibufenhua。baixiaowenshixiangyuezuguidiaojiaoxiadejiazuxinyidaizhangmenren,tadeduoluojishirujiaoyiweicaiquyinman、gelizhengcesuodailaideeguo,yeyourenxingfuzachengfendeyinsu。zaibaijiaxuanyitaojieyuxishenlilunjinguxia,xiaowende“benwo”shoudao“chaowo”deshufu。bianhuaiqian,“tabumopaijiubuzhisezi,lianshifenpujidejiufanglangchiwaxifutiaojingxiaqidengxiangcunyouxiyeburanzhi,weiyideyulexingshijiushikanxi。”[19]raner,jingujiaoyushiyichangweixiande,suoyi,dangtianxiaoejiangzijideshetousongjinbaixiaowenkouqiangdeshihou,“neiyikeli,baixiaowentingdaoxiongqianglideleitiaorutielongdetietiaozheduandecuixiang,tingjianlebeiqiujinzhedelangchongchutielongshideyishenghanchanglinlidehoujiao。”[20]“benwo”deehuchongchu“chaowo”delaolongbirenhehongshuimengshoudouyaohaipa。jiazhishiqingbailuhou,citangshixing、jieliangbeiju,zhanggongchaofeng,baixiaowenlunluoweibaijiazi,houzhuanhuaweiwuchizhengke。rujiaowenhuajiangshu,danshizheizhongshubingmeiyoufashengzaibaixiaowenliangxinminmiezhiqian。wenbenlibaixiaowenbeizuoweijiaoyuzididefanmianjiaocai,yebeidangzuolangzihuitoudedianxing,danshibeiaidezaiyu,baixiaowenzhongxinguidaozaicitangzhihou,quefachule“sheizoubuchuzheiyuansheiyibeizidoumeiyouchuxi”degankai。zouchuzheiyuan,dangranbushijinjinzhizouchudiligainianshangdeyuan,ershizhidapoyouxiangyuesuojiangoudejiuyoudewenhuaxinlijiegou。guanliaorujiadeyinfengyangweiweitayingdegaoguanhoulumingyu,erzheiqiaqiashibeilixiangyuejingshende。raner,dangxiaoebeishahou,xiaowenzuanjinpoyao,kandaoxiaoeshigushikuhunzaidi。womenkandaobaixiaowendeshengminglizuijuyouwenqingdeyibi。hexiaoeqianhouyoujifuzhiqinde,gongyousigenanren,erduixiaoezhisiyoukegumingxindetongchu,yezhiyouxiaowen。zaixiaowenzaodaosuoyourenyiqiderizi,cengjingyuxiaoeyouguohuannanyugongdezhenqing。yinci,ruguoshuobaixiaowendeduoluokaishishiyichangyinmoujiazhizijideyizhibujiandingdejieguo,neimerujiazishendecanque、weishanshijiangbaixiaowentuixiangshenyuandezuikuihuoshou。zairenshengdedaqidaluozhongbaixiaowenpaoqilesuoyoudaodedixian,chengweixiangyuejingshendebeipanzhe。

体育赌钱网  disigushilishigongchanzhuyidedianfu。20shijichuye,“yuanshangdexinshixiaoxuejinguanfazhanhuanman,jishinianjianbuguozhiyousansisuogaojixiaoxue,queyinggaishiduichuanchenglejinqianniande《xiangyue》zuijudianfuxingdeyinsu。zheigekanfadexingcheng,zaiwoshijiyuzheiyangdeyigejibenshishi,fanzaixinshixiaoxuejieshouguojiaoyudexuesheng,jihuwuyiliwaididouzouchubailuyuan,jinrushehuidegegelingyu,meiyousheizailiulianyuanshangdeshenghuo。youqilingwoshoudaoqifadeshi,xuduorenzaixinshigaojixiaoxuejieshouxindeliniandetongshi,jieshouleyinbizhezhonggongdangyuanshenfendejiaoshideyingxiang,zouchubailuyuanjiukaishilegeminghuodong,yinggaishixinliboliwanchengdezuichedideyipiren。tamenshijieshoulekexuedegongchanzhuyililun,bolileyuanbenshangweixingchengwendingde《xiangyue》liniandexinlijiegou。tamenwuyishiyikexuelilunzhudongwanchengzheigexinlibolideyipiren。”[21]yiluzhaopeng、bailingdengweidaibiaodegongchanzhuyizhe,xianhouyigezibutongdekanghunxingwei,wanchengleduifengjianjiazhangzhidefankang,zoushangfanxiangyuedediyibu。jiezhe,yihaozhaodazhongqilaituifanjiejiyaposhixianleduichuantongdechedidianfu。jieshoulemakesizhuyidouzhengzhexuedeluzhaopengmen,bujinyujianshouxiangyuedezhuxiansheng、baijiaxuanmenzhijiancunzaiduikang,yeyudaibiaozhezhengquandetianfuxian、luzilindengzhongxiangyuezhijiancunzaizhedouzheng,erzhasiwanke、sanguanmiaodelaoheshangmaotouzhixiangdeshishehuieshili。dagemingshibaizhihou,guogongzhijiandezhengzhi、wuzhuangdouzheng,dishangyudixiadouzheng,zuizhongyigongchandangduoqugemingdeshengli,xuangaolexiangyuezuzhiyujingshendechediwajie。yinwei“zheiyangyigexiwangzhongguohexifangdiweiqueshipingdengdezhongguoren,jiubuxuyaoqiuzhuyuyizhonglingrenjuewangdechuantongzhuyiyimanzuzijidexiwang,yinweizaigongchanzhuyidebihuxia,fanchuantongzhuyiyenengbangzhutashixianzheiyimude。yigegongchanzhuyidezhongguo,yusueyidao,sihukeyizouzaishijiedeqianlie,erbushiyigegenzaixifanghoumianpanshanerxingdeluowuzhe。”[22]jiushangwensuoshu,sigushiliduixiangyuedefankang,luzilinyubaijiaxuanyuanyuneibudequanlizhengduoerfashengdeandou,shuyutongyizhenyingdeduikang。housanzhongliliangdoushiyizinvshenfenerduifubeisuodaibiaodexiangyuezuochudedianfu,wuyi,zheishiyichangjitideshifuhuodong。heiwa、xiaoe、xiaowenshineibufenhuachulaideduikangliliang,weiyinengyuxiangyuexiangkanghengdeshilishiluzhaopeng、bailingzheixiejieshoulexifangmakesizhuyililunzhe。yiner,hongdaerwanzhengdexiangyuelaiyicunzaideshehuijiegoujietile,laiyixiangyuesuojiangouderenmendewenhuaxinlijiegoudongyao、xiaoruole。

体育赌钱网  raner,“yizhongjinenghuoxinyangzongyoufuxingdejihui,zhiyaohaiyouguanyutamendewenzijizai,huozheyixiaopiyonghuzheduitamenrengbaochizhedandandejiyi。”[23]rujiaobingyebuxiangliewensensuojiangjinrulelishibowuguan。zaihaiwai,1958nianmouzongsan、xufuguan、zhangjunmai、tangjunyilianmingfabiaole《weizhongguowenhuajinggaoshijierenshixuanyan——womenduizhongguoxueshuyanjiujizhongguowenhuayushijiewenhuaqiantuzhigongtongrenshi》yiwen,qizhixianmingdibiaodaleduizhongguorujiaowenhua,youqishixinxingzhixuedetuichong,bingxiangquanshijiexuangaozhongguowenhuayouqishijiedezhongyaoxing。zaizhongguodalu,zi1984nianqi,quanguojuxinglegezhongwenhuayantaohui,duanduanliangsannian,bianniangchengle1986nianyilaide“wenhuayanjiure”。zaizheiguwenhuarezhong,youyugongyedongyadejueqi,rujiaowenhuazhujianyinqishijiedeguanzhu,duweimingdengxinrujiaconghaiwailaidaozhongguo,yichuandaodefangshichuanborujiasixiang;yifangkemuweidaibiaodeyixiexuezhe,zhanzaimakesizhuyilichangshang,duirujiajinxingquanfangweidejieshaoheyanjiu。yishizhijian,“ruxuefuxing”sichaoxingqi。yinci,《bailuyuan》dewenshiyingshi20shiji80niandaiyilai“ruxuefuxing”dechanwu,yeshilizehou“wenhuaxinlijiegouxueshuo”jiexiadeshuoguo,xinshiqiwenxuexiangneizhuandefanying。zai1980niandaidezhexueyanjiuzhekanlai,ruxuebingbushiyijingguoqude“chuantongwenhua”,ershirengrancunhuode“wenhuachuantong”,lizehouzebaruxuexinlihua,renweiruxuejiushizhongguorende“wenhuaxinlijiegou”。zheishicongyizhongwenhuadeshijiao,duiruxuesuozuodexindeshenshi。qiazaizheigeshihou,chenzhongshizhengzaixunzhaowenxuechuangzaodexinlujing,dangtafangqichuantong“renwujiaodu”xiezuofangfazhiji,bianxinranjieshoule“renwuwenhuaxinlijiegou”shuo。“woyiweizhenzhengdeyaolingzaiyu‘renwuwenhuaxinli’debawo,caihuodelemiaoxiehexushudeziyou。”[24]dangran,ruguocongbentuwenhuajiang,《bailuyuan》zhongderujiaowenhuajingshenyeyouxiangdangdediyuwenhuayinsu。qinzhongzigudiwangdou,songmingqingshidaiyoushilixuezhongyaofenzhi——guanxuedefaxiangdi。guanxuedebodajingshen,congchuangshirenzhangzaishi,zhilantiansanlv,mingdaidefengshaoxu、lvnan,qingdaidelierqu、naizhidaoniuzhaolian,guanxuedaomaishengchuan,jieyigongxinglijiaoweiben。youqishilantianlvshixiongdizhidingbingtuiyande《lvshixiangyue》bujinzailantianshengchuan,erqiesongzhihou,chengweizhongguozhongyaodexiangcunzizhizhidu,bujinxingchengzhongguoxiangcunsuoteyoudelisujiaohuademoben,erqieshenkediyingxiangzhezhongguorendewenhuaxinlijiegou。chenzhongshicongxiaoshengzhangzaizheikuaidiyu,diyuwenhuadeqianyimohua,gerenqizhideyingxiang,zuizhongxingchengzuojiaderujiaowenhuaxinli,danshengyulantiande《lvshixiangyue》yejiuziranerranchengwei《bailuyuan》zhongchengxianrujiaowenhuadezhongyaodewujianzhiyi。tadecunzaiheyiyizaiyu,chuantongdexiandaihuazhuanhuahechuangzao。yinweimeiyicichuantongdechuanchengdoushiyicihourenduiqianrendelijiehetiwuchuangxin。lingwai,zaizhongguominzulingxianyushijiegeminzushi,guanzhongshizhonghuadecanlanzhongxin,erdangzhongguobeishijiejinxiandaijinchengsuopaoqishi,guanzhongzeyoushichengweitingzhizhongguodedianxing。yinci,guanzhongdejueqiyushuailuo,zaimouzhongyiyishang,shizhongguo,naizhizhongguowenhuadejueqiyushuailuo。jianci,zhonghuaminzuwenhuazhimikongpashiyu“guanzhongzhimi”dejiedaxianglianxide,zheiyejiushi《bailuyuan》zuoweiyidiyuwenhuazuopinsuoningjudeminzuwenhuadeyiyi。gaigekaifangsanshiduonianyilai,jingji、kejizhongguoxunsujueqi,danshirenwenzhongguodedaotuiquelingrentongxin。zaiyigefengyudejingjizhuangtaixia,chenzhongshiyijuanlianerwunaidexinqingmiaoshule《lvshixiangyue》beijiangouyujiegoudeguocheng,qizhongyouxianmingdechuantongdaodejianshoudeqingxiang,yeyoulixingdepipanxintai。yexumianduichuantong,renmenzongshizheizhongmaodunertongkudexinlijiegou。


  cankaowenxian:

  [1]duweiming.xiandaijingshenyurujiachuantong[m]beijing:shenghuo·dushu·xinzhisanlianshudian,1997nianban,420ye.

体育赌钱网  [2] [23] [mei]aidehua·xiersi.fukeng,lvleyi.lunchuantong[m]shanghai:shanghaishijichubanjituan,2009nianban,2ye,307ye.

体育赌钱网  [3] [5] [mei]weileke,wolun.liuxiangyu,xingpeiming,chenshengsheng,lizhemingyi.wenxuelilun[m]nanjing:jiangsujiaoyuchubanshe,2005nianban,137ye,138ye.

  [4] [9] [10] [11] [12][15][17] [21] [24]chenzhongshi.xunzhaoshuyuzijidejuzi—《bailuyuan》chuangzuoshouji[m]shanghaiwenyichubanshe,2009nianban,87ye,17ye,16-17ye,108ye,88ye,108ye,14ye,111ye,45ye.

体育赌钱网  [6]feixiaotong,zhaoxudong,qinzhijieyi.zhongguoshishen[m]beijing:shenghuo·dushu·xinzhisanlianshudian,2009nianban,234ye.

体育赌钱网  [7] [8] [16] [18] [19][20]chenzhongshi.bailuyuan[m]beijing:beijingchubanshechubanjituan,beijingshiyuewenyichubanshe,2008nianban,79ye,538ye,241ye,448ye,224-225ye,227ye,

  [13][mei]fulangxisi·hengli·nikeersi,shihongshuaiyi.chuanyueshenmideshanxi[m]xian,sanqinchubanshe,shanxichubanjituan,2009nianban,94ye.

体育赌钱网  [14]danyanyi.luxunzaixian[m]xian:xibeidaxuechubanshe,2009nianban,2ye.

  [22] [mei]liewensen.rujiaozhongguoyuxiandaimingyun[m]guilin:guangxishifandaxuechubanshe,2009nianban,113ye.


  zuozhejianjie:

  liuning,nv,shanxixianyangren,wenxueboshi,lishidilixueboshihou,xianwei体育赌钱网 wenxueyishuyanjiusuoyanjiuyuan,体育赌钱网“liugeyipi”rencai,fudandaxuezhongguoyanjiuyuankezuoyanjiuyuan,体育赌钱网sanwenxuehuimishuzhang,体育赌钱网sanwenxuehuipinglunweiyuanhuifuzhuren,liuqingyanjiuhuichangwulishi。2015nianruxuanzhongxuanbu“jianghaozhongguogushi”zhuanjia,2016nianzaiciruxuanzhongxuanbu“jianghaozhongguogushi”50rengugantuandui,zhuyaoyanjiufangxiangwei:zhongguochuantongwenhuadechuangzaoxingzhuanhua、chengshiwenhua,jinnianzhuangonghuangheliuyuwenhuabianqianyanjiu。


      (wenzhangkandengzaixianxinwenwang 2020-09-18 wenhuayuleban)

yuanwenlianjie:


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